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Older adults generally have lower calorie needs, but similar or even increased nutrient needs compared to younger adults. This is often due to less physical activity, changes in metabolism, or age-related loss of bone and muscle mass. Nutrient needs in this population are also affected by chronic health conditions, use of multiple medicines, and changes in body composition. Therefore, following a healthy dietary pattern and making every bite count is particularly important to this age group.
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Choosing healthy foods and actively using nutrition resources can help people make every bite count, no matter their age. For more information about these resources for older adults, check out Nutrition Programs for Seniors from Nutrition.gov.
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Sleep bruxism is teeth grinding that happens during sleep, and is marked by movement of the masticatory muscles responsible for chewing. Sleep bruxism and waking bruxism are considered to be distinct conditions Trusted Source National Library of Medicine, Biotech Information The National Center for Biotechnology Information advances science and health by providing access to biomedical and genomic information. View Source , even though the physical action is similar. Of the two, awake bruxism is more common.
It is often much harder for people to be aware that they are grinding their teeth while sleeping, which makes diagnosis challenging. A sleeping person cannot perceive their bite strength, so they may clench more tightly and grind their teeth, employing up to 250 pounds of force Trusted Source Merck Manual First published in 1899 as a small reference book for physicians and pharmacists, the Manual grew in size and scope to become one of the most widely used comprehensive medical resources for professionals and consumers. View Source .
Statistics about sleep bruxism in children are the hardest to pin down. Studies have found anywhere from around 6% to up to nearly 50% of children Trusted Source National Library of Medicine, Biotech Information The National Center for Biotechnology Information advances science and health by providing access to biomedical and genomic information. View Source experience nighttime teeth grinding. It can affect children as soon as teeth come in, so some infants and toddlers may grind their teeth. Some sleep disorders Trusted Source UpToDate More than 2 million healthcare providers around the world choose UpToDate to help make appropriate care decisions and drive better health outcomes. UpToDate delivers evidence-based clinical decision support that is clear, actionable, and rich with real-world insights. View Source , including sleep talking, sleepwalking, and bedwetting, are believed to increase risk of sleep bruxism in children.
In adolescents, the prevalence of sleep bruxism is estimated to be around 15% Trusted Source National Library of Medicine, Biotech Information The National Center for Biotechnology Information advances science and health by providing access to biomedical and genomic information. View Source . The condition becomes less common with age, as around 8% of middle-aged adults and only 3% of older adults are believed to grind their teeth during sleep.
Teeth grinding can increase the risk of problems with the joint that connects the lower jaw to the skull, known as the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). TMJ issues Trusted Source Medline Plus MedlinePlus is an online health information resource for patients and their families and friends. View Source can provoke difficulty chewing, chronic jaw pain, popping or clicking noises, locking of the jaw, and other complications.
Sleep bruxism is diagnosed by a doctor or a dentist Trusted Source National Library of Medicine, Biotech Information The National Center for Biotechnology Information advances science and health by providing access to biomedical and genomic information. View Source , but the diagnostic process can vary depending on the type of health professional providing care.
Some people who grind their teeth have no symptoms and may not need treatment Trusted Source National Library of Medicine, Biotech Information The National Center for Biotechnology Information advances science and health by providing access to biomedical and genomic information. View Source . Other people may have symptoms or greater risk of long-term problems, and in these cases, treatment is usually necessary.
If you need more information about available resources in your language or another language, contact the NIH Osteoporosis and Related Bone Diseases National Resource Center at NIHBoneInfo@mail.nih.gov.
The NIH Osteoporosis and Related Bone Diseases National Resource Center provides patients, health professionals, and the public with an important link to resources and information on metabolic bone diseases. The mission of NIH ORBDNRC is to expand awareness and enhance knowledge and understanding of the prevention, early detection, and treatment of these diseases as well as strategies for coping with them.
Animals bites can result in serious injuries and potential exposure to zoonotic diseases such as rabies. It is estimated that about 4.5 million people in the United States are bitten by dogs each year, and about 1 in 5 of those people require medical attention. Children are at higher risk for serious injury from animal bites. Contact your health care provider or local health department anytime an animal bite occurs. They can help make sure proper rabies prevention measures are followed after a bite. Bats are the most likely animal in Washington State to have rabies, but any mammal can become infected.
Cat scratch disease is a mild to severe bacterial disease caused by Bartonella henselae. Young cats and kittens are the most likely source of human infection. The infection is transmitted between cats by fleas. Infected flea droppings on the cat's fur are the source of human infections, which are spread from the cat to a person by a cat bite, scratch, or lick. Cats rarely show signs of illness but people can develop skin lesions, fever, or in severe cases, systemic (whole body) infection.
Zika virus is spread to people through mosquito bites. The most common symptoms of Zika virus disease are fever, rash, joint pain, and conjunctivitis (red eyes). The illness is usually mild with symptoms lasting from several days to a week. Severe disease requiring hospitalization is uncommon. Anyone who is living in or traveling to an area where Zika virus is found and who has not already been infected with the virus is at risk for infection. CDC recommends that pregnant women not travel to areas currently experiencing Zika outbreaks, and that women intending to become pregnant talk with their healthcare providers before they travel. Zika virus infection during pregnancy has been shown to be linked to birth defects such as microcephaly.
Congenital insensitivity to pain is a condition that inhibits the ability to perceive physical pain. From birth, affected individuals never feel pain in any part of their body when injured. People with this condition can feel the difference between sharp and dull and hot and cold, but cannot sense, for example, that a hot beverage is burning their tongue. This lack of pain awareness often leads to an accumulation of wounds, bruises, broken bones, and other health issues that may go undetected. Young children with congenital insensitivity to pain may have mouth or finger wounds due to repeated self-biting and may also experience multiple burn-related injuries. These repeated injuries often lead to a reduced life expectancy in people with congenital insensitivity to pain. Many people with congenital insensitivity to pain also have a complete loss of the sense of smell (anosmia).
Below is a list of diseases and other health issues that are either commonly found in Wisconsin wildlife or that the DNR is monitoring for their occurrence. Click on a specific disease to learn more about the disease, how it is transmitted, common signs observed in affected wildlife, management actions, any associated public health concerns and links to additional information.
You can help monitor the health of Wisconsin's wildlife by reporting your sightings of sick or dead wildlife to the DNR. To report a sick or dead bird, please use this survey form: Sick or Dead Bird Reporting Form. Or you can contact the Wildlife Hotline to report a sick or dead mammal or bird by emailing DNRWildlifeSwitchboard@wisconsin.gov or calling 608-267-0866. You will need to leave a message for the hotline staff. In your message, please include the number of animals, the species (such as a raccoon or Canada goose), if they were sick or dead, the specific location where you saw them, including the county and your contact information. It is not necessary to report wildlife killed along roadways.
The Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources began monitoring the state's wild white-tailed deer for chronic wasting disease (CWD) in 1999. The first positives were found in 2002 through testing of hunter-harvested deer in November 2001. For information on the management of CWD in Wisconsin, please visit Wisconsin's Chronic Wasting Disease Response Plan.
Observe and enjoy wildlife from a safe distance. Anyone who has been bitten, scratched or has come into contact with the fresh saliva of a wild animal is considered at risk for rabies. You should IMMEDIATELY clean the bite, wound or scratch with soap and water. Then contact your local health department [exit DNR] as soon as possible to report the incident and for further guidance.
When choosing a dog, make sure its personality and physical demands fit your lifestyle. If you already have a dog, keep your dog healthy and well-behaved. Responsible dog owners can prevent dog bites and keep their dogs and others safe. 041b061a72